This is the agony and the anguish that attends upon the desire to come in contact with an object. These three gunas are the constituents of nature, or prakriti, in general and of the mind in particular. Thus everyone gets defeated in this world, and no one goes from here with the satisfaction that the objectives of life craved for have been really fulfilled or attained. with his mind and intellect dedicated to Me. The nature of the mind is flickering and unsteady. Spoken by Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, to His intimate devotee Arjuna, the Gita’s seven hundred concise verses provide a definitive guide to the science of self-realization. The Bhagavad Gita is a holy scripture. The underlying essential truths of all great world scriptures can find common amity in the infinite wisdom of the Gita's mere 700 concise verses. A person must do his duty according to his nature (swadharmacharana). After all, an individual is a part of nature, which comprises the spectrum of the pairs of opposites. ‘Yoga is skill in action.’ [Gita 2:50] What is this skill? We turn to our own Self for the split fraction of a second, as it were, and consciousness which is the essence of our Atman or the Self, tastes its own Source, licks the bliss of its own essentiality and finds itself in a state of ecstasy, because the more we are in union with our own Self, the more intense is the satisfaction we feel, the rapture that we are in, the delight that we experience. Bhagavad Gita Quotes “It is better to live your own destiny imperfectly than to live an imitation of somebody else’s life with perfection.” – The Bhagavad Gita “Man is made by his belief. Self-purification leads to self-dedication. Bhagavad-gita is knowledge of five basic truths and the relationship of each truth to the other: These five truths are Krishna, or God, the individual soul, the material world, action in this world, and time. [Gita 4:20]. In the language of the Vedanta, the Self is supposed to be understood by us in three ways – namely, the apparent self, which we seem to recognise in all objects of our longing or desire; a self which seems to be present in everything with which we are vitally connected, especially through our emotions, known as the gaunatman or the secondary self. [Gita 10:11]. Bhagavad Gita 17.16. Thus, the reality of the world seems to be a process rather than being as such. [Gita 5:11] To work alone you have the right, but never to its fruits. . Chārvāka vāda states that the body itself comprises the self, and consciousness is merely a product of the conglomeration of its constituents. ‘Better is one’s own duty, though imperfect, than the duty of another, well performed.’ [Gita 18:47], In the words of Emerson, ‘Imitation is suicide.’ On the basis of your svadharma, do your duty; what has fallen to your lot. . The senses are to be withdrawn from their contact with the objects. The essence of yoga practice may be said to be summed up in two verses towards the end of the fifth chapter, to be detailed further on in the sixth, and these two verses are concise and pithy: sparÅÄn ká¹tvÄ bahir bÄhyÄá¹Å caká¹£uÅ caivÄntare bhruvoá¸¥, It is interesting to note how psychologist Carl Rogers insightfully refers to this self-inquiry in the book, The Self: A frequently raised question is, ‘What problems do people bring to you?’ . The Bhagavad- Gita is considered by eastern and western scholars alike to be among the greatest spiritual books the world has ever known. The Gita's call for selfless action inspired many leaders of the Indian independence movementincluding Bal Gangadhar Tilakand Mahatma Gandhi; the latter referred to it as his "spiritual dictionary". Whatever you do, or eat, or sacrifice, or give, whatever austerity you perform, that, O son of Kunti, offer unto Me. The Gita lucidly explains the nature of consciousness, the self, and the universe. A person is totally out of gear psychologically, in a terrible misconception, when one's affections are poured over those things which cannot, in any way, identify with one's self, for reasons already mentioned in the context of that sutra of Patanjali – Parinama papa, etc. It is an incessant movement of the finite towards the Infinite, a flow which is continuous like the movement of waters in a river. Thus, a rising of the spirit from this world involvement is not a loss of contact or relationship with the world; it is a rising to the consciousness of the true nature of things. But a self-realized yogi has to control the mind; the mind should not control him. This article was originally published in the December 2008 edition of Vedanta Kesari. This event has passed. The Gita, without any religious dogma, deals with all aspects of human nature, and what is more, proposes corrective approaches for a peaceful, purposeful and realized life. This step toward becoming autonomous is what Swami Vivekananda calls manliness, or man-making. [Gita 12:8]. Self-realization is really our svadharma, which is living in the Indwelling Self or God, whose dharma or essential nature is purity, freedom, wisdom, love and bliss. Ce texte est un des écrits fondamentaux de l'hindouisme souvent considéré comme un « abrégé de toute la doctrine védique »2. The Gita’s message for self-transformation is this integrated self-unfoldment. The Essence of Bhagavad Gita. Another modern psychologist, Dr. Nathaniel Branden, refers to this search in this way in Honoring the Self: To evolve into selfhood is the primary human task. Our understanding and judgment are colored by the gunas which are characterized by certain qualities: Tamas is marked by darkness, laziness, dullness; rajas by attachment, pain, passion, restlessness; and sattva by clarity, luminosity, and healthy-mindedness, prakasakam anamayam. [Gita 10:10] Solely out of compassion for them, I, dwelling in their hearts, dispel with the shining lamp of wisdom the darkness born of ignorance. So firmly adhering to self-realisation such a yogi becomes enlightened in all respects. So atma is within you and outside. Like the movement of a wheel which is in motion, conditions of prakriti are perpetually moving for the fulfilment of their own purpose, which is not necessarily our individual purpose. The Bhagavad-Gita, popularly known as Gita, with its twin tracks of spiritual ethos and philosophical outlook, helps man commute to the destination of human excellence on the broad gauge of life. The objects are to be shut-out from their relationship with the senses: sparÅÄn ká¹tvÄ bahir bÄhyÄá¹. 'A' is 'A', 'B' is 'B', subject is subject, and object is object. Indeed, the self is its own friend; and the self is its own enemy. I try to continue the thread from where I left yesterday concerning the relationship between the lower self and the higher self, to which a reference will been made in the fifth and the sixth chapters particularly. Don’t be attracted or misled by the duties of others. The Bhagavad-Gita, popularly known as Gita, with its twin tracks of spiritual ethos and philosophical outlook, helps man commute to the destination of human excellence on the broad gauge of life. We have the innate capacity to distinguish between right and wrong, true and false, good and bad, etc., and on this basis we are relatively free to make intelligent choices. Yet it is T. Subba Row, in his Notes on the Bhagavad Gita, who provides more exact metaphysical clarity upon the word Self. The Gita beautifully describes this mental condition as one that leads to the comprehension of unity in diversity, to nonattached action, and to freedom from selfishness and passion. Keep Reading . Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, out of affection for His devotee, the Pandava prince Arjuna, has agreed to drive his chariot. Environmental mastery indicates that an individual can readily adapt and adjust to circumstances appropriate to the need or occasion. prÄá¹ÄpÄnau samau ká¹tvÄ nÄsÄbhyantaracÄriá¹au; yatendriyamanobuddhir munir moká¹£aparÄyaá¹aá¸¥; vigatecchÄbhayakrodho yaá¸¥ sadÄ mukta eva saá¸¥ (Gita 5.27-28). According to Sri Krishna, culture of the mind is the bottom line of yoga discipline. Knowledge of the immortal nature of the Self is revealed through discrimination between the real and the unreal. October 7, 2020. As our insight deepens, we will feel progressively an inseparable connection between these two. When we are in possession of an object of desire, the need for the mind to be conscious of the object as an external something ceases, rajas does not operate for the flash of a moment, and the cessation of rajas is also a cessation of this other-consciousness, object-consciousness, which is tantamount to self-consciousness. The consequence of the fulfilment of a desire is an increase of the desire, and not a fulfilment of the desire. The Bhagavad-gita is universally renowned as the jewel of India’s spiritual wisdom. Great scholars of the Bhagavad-Gita say that the scripture fundamentally deals with three primary teachings, which are called the three secrets. Other than this gaunatman, or the secondary self, the object of our love and hatred, other than this false self, the five koshas, there is a true subjectivity in us, in the direction of which we move gradually along the lines of the cosmological scheme laid before us by the Samkhya, which the Vedanta also accepts in many of its features. Ever-present and changeless, it is without beginning and end. Verily, his wisdom is steady whose senses are under control.’ [Gita 2:61] ‘Endowed with a pure understanding, restraining the mind with tenacity, turning away from sound and other objects, and abandoning love and hatred.’ [Gita 18:51] ‘Dwelling in solitude . As a result of this inner disharmony, many people end up living aimless, thoughtless lives. If you can recollect what I told you yesterday, it is a name that we give to pure subjectivity of awareness. Sensitivity to this inner voice of conscience requires lifelong discipline. The process of vairagya and abhyasa constitutes a sort of dying, for the sake of a living in a higher sense. But the clouds do not cover the sun, and they do not contaminate space, though it appears that they do this. It is the essence of India's spiritual wisdom. Ce récit n'a ces… They will be harassing us even in our dream, and they can persist even after the shedding of this body. In the language of the Gita, become manly. So we are many a time told that man needs to be – he never is; we are to be yet. Spoken by Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead to His intimate disciple Arjuna, the Gita’s seven hundred concise verses provide a definitive guide to the science of self realization. Click Here for Your Bhagavad Gita Starter Kit! An average person’s identity or personality is an unstable, bewildering jumble of the external world, body, and mind. The immense power of cultivating a devotional attitude. Therefore the spirit soul has to be engaged in the good work of Krsna consciousness. Chapters four, five and six of the Bhagavadgita in a way dilate upon the discipline that is required in the practise of yoga. ... nor shown much concern for his spiritual nature (Easkaswaran 147). It is self-evident from this that God is also in form like man. "Self-knowledge alone is the means to the highest bliss." A seeker of liberation must realize this difference between the ou… Then we will recognize that we are not isolated, separate beings, but in truth are related to one another. Even if the most wicked person worships Me with unswerving devotion, he must be regarded as righteous; for he has formed the right resolution. There is a perpetual other-consciousness, an awareness that things are outside, which keeps us in a rajasic mode. When you make statements of this kind you are referring to a false self in which you are involved. We are mostly under a misapprehension concerning the nature of the Self. Bhagavad Gita is knowledge of five basic truths and the relationship of each truth to the other: These five truths are Krishna, or God, the individual soul, the material world, action in this world, and time. So in this process of self-discovery, … All yoga is the art of communing one's self with one's Self. The Bhagavad-Gita is the eternal message of spiritual wisdom from ancient India. It pulls us powerfully from two different directions in contrary ways. It seems to me that at the bottom each person is asking: ‘Who am I, really? You know very well why there should be withdrawal of consciousness from such contacts in the process of self-control, in the execution of the art of yoga. The Gita describes this process of self-purification or transformation in terms of different conditions of the mind: tamas, rajas, and sattva. "The Self is the friend of the self": bandhur ātmaiva ripur ātmanaḥ. 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